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Acute effects of caloric intake and macronutrient type on body weight, body composition, resting energy expenditure, and total metabolic rate.

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dc.contributor.advisor Kreider, Richard B., 1962-
dc.contributor.author Thomas, Ashli.
dc.contributor.other Baylor University. Dept. of Health, Human Performance and Recreation. en
dc.date.copyright 2006-05
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2104/4210
dc.description.abstract Obesity is a growing epidemic with no consensus regarding solutions. Thirty healthy overweight and obese female subjects (41.9 ± 12 years, 166 cm ± 7 cm, a 100.5 kg ± 19.6 kg, 46.0% ± 4.0% body fat, and BMI 37.4 ± 6.9) participated in the study. A 14-day dietary intervention examined acute effects of energy balance and macronutrient type on dietary intake, REE, body weight, body composition, and thyroid panel. Significant changes occurred in weight loss over time (p < 0.001); body fat mass over time (p < 0.001) and time x diet (p = 0.02); body fat percentage over time (p < 0.002) and time x diet (p = 0.023); REE over time (p = 0.03), and thyroid panel. Body weight continued to decrease during positive energy balance, yet metabolism rebounded. Results suggest energy balance has a greater overall effect on REE and weight loss than macronutrient type. en
dc.rights Baylor University theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission. Contact librarywebmaster@baylor.edu for inquiries about permission. en
dc.subject Bioenergetics. en
dc.subject Nutrition -- Research. en
dc.subject Thyroid hormones. en
dc.subject Women -- Health and hygiene. en
dc.subject Body composition. en
dc.subject Thyroid hormones. en
dc.title Acute effects of caloric intake and macronutrient type on body weight, body composition, resting energy expenditure, and total metabolic rate. en
dc.type Thesis en
dc.description.degree M.S.Ed. en
dc.rights.accessrights Worldwide access en
dc.contributor.department Health, Human Performance and Recreation. en


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