BEARdocs

The effects of ingesting an anti-inflammatory nutritional supplement while participating in a resistance training program on indices of body composition and metabolic, cardiovascular, muscular, and hemodynamic function in overweight females.

DSpace/Manakin Repository

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisor Willoughby, Darryn Scott, 1963-
dc.contributor.author Nassar, Erika Irene.
dc.contributor.other Baylor University. Dept. of Health, Human Performance and Recreation. en
dc.date.copyright 2008-08
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2104/5236
dc.description.abstract Sedentary, healthy, overweight women (n=40) participated in a full-body resistance training program 3 days/week. The study was performed in a randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled fashion. Participants followed a structured, energy-restricted, low glycemic diet. Participants ingested either a thermogenic/anti-inflammatory supplement a placebo supplement. Body composition, performance variables, serum lipid variables, inflammation markers, obesity markers, and GLUT-4 values were obtained at week 0 and after weeks 4 and 8. Data were analyzed by repeated measures MANOVA and are presented as means ± SD. GLUT- 4 values were analyzed by repeated measures ANOVA are presented as means ± SD. For body composition, there was a significant time main effect for body mass, BMI, and fat mass. Body mass reduction was significant between weeks 0 and 8 for both groups (p<0.001). BMI also had significant decreases in both groups between weeks 0 and 8 (p<0.001). Fat mass decreased significantly for both groups between weeks 0 and 8 (p=0.034). For performance variables, there was a significant time main effect for relative leg press and bench press strength. Relative leg press strength increased in both groups between weeks 0 and 8 (p<0.001). In addition, relative bench press strength increased in both groups between week 0 and 8 (p=0.000). For serum lipids, there was a significant time main effect for TCHOL, LDL, and HDL. TCHOL decreased between weeks 0 and 8 (p=0.004). LDL decreased between weeks 0 and 8 (p=0.048). HDL decreased between weeks 0 and 8 (p=0.009). Leptin concentrations decreased significantly between week 0 and 8 in (p=0.019). There was a significant time main effect for calories, carbohydrates, fat, and sugar intake. Caloric intake decreased significantly between week 0 and 8 (p<0.001). Fat intake decreased significantly between weeks 0 and 8 (p<0.001). Carbohydrate intake was reduced significantly between week 0 and 8 (p=0.001). Sugar intake also decreased for both group significantly between week 0 and 8 (p=0.004). Results indicate that a full body resistance training program, in combination with an energy-restricted, low glycemic diet promotes weight loss and strength gains. Acknowledgement: Supported by a research grant from Unigen Pharmaceuticals (Lacey, WA). en
dc.rights Baylor University theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission. Contact librarywebmaster@baylor.edu for inquiries about permission. en
dc.subject Dietary supplements -- Physiological effect. en
dc.subject Isometric exercise -- Physiological aspects. en
dc.subject Overweight women -- Physiology. en
dc.subject Anti-inflammatory agents -- Physiological effect. en
dc.subject Weight loss -- Physiological aspects. en
dc.title The effects of ingesting an anti-inflammatory nutritional supplement while participating in a resistance training program on indices of body composition and metabolic, cardiovascular, muscular, and hemodynamic function in overweight females. en
dc.type Thesis en
dc.description.degree Ph.D. en
dc.rights.accessrights Baylor University access only en
dc.contributor.department Health, Human Performance and Recreation. en


Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Search BEARdocs


Advanced Search

Browse

My Account

Statistics