Analysis of calcite-filled faults in carbonate strata, balcones trend near Waco, Texas.

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dc.contributor.advisor Cronin, Vincent S. Secrest, Stephen H. 2011-08
dc.description.abstract Five normal faults exposed in the Lehigh Quarry near Waco, Texas, were analyzed. The mechanical stratigraphy of the quarry ranges from relatively strong chalk to marly chalk to chalky marl to relatively weak marl. Higher clay content yields weaker rock. The dip angle of the normal faults varies with rock strength, with steeper dips across the stronger strata. Carbon stable isotopes in 174 samples indicate that the water from which the calcite precipitated is formation water and not meteoric water, while oxygen isotopes indicate that precipitation of secondary calcite in the fault cores occurred between 48° and 110°C. Mechanical twins in macrospar calcite indicate shear stress slightly more than 5-15 MPa, and deformation temperature of <170°C. The microspar fabric includes thin veinlets of secondary calcite and host lithons of cemented chalk wallrock whose orientation relative to the domain boundaries can be used as a shear-sense indicator. en_US
dc.publisher en
dc.rights Baylor University theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission. Contact for inquiries about permission. en_US
dc.subject Geology. en_US
dc.subject Balcones fault system. en_US
dc.subject Structure. en_US
dc.subject Lehigh quarry. en_US
dc.subject Waco, Tex. en_US
dc.title Analysis of calcite-filled faults in carbonate strata, balcones trend near Waco, Texas. en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US M.S. en_US
dc.rights.accessrights Worldwide access en_US
dc.contributor.department Geology. en_US
dc.contributor.schools Baylor University. Dept. of Geology. en_US

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