From violence to voting : toward an Islamist theory of moderation.

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dc.contributor.advisor McDaniel, Charles A. Wheatley, Stephanie Renee, 1982- 2011-08
dc.description.abstract Moderation theory posits that inclusion in the political process will lead extremist parties to abandon violence and play by the rules of the political game. Despite voluminous literature on the subject, relatively little has been written about moderation theory as it relates to Islamist parties. Where Islam and moderation theory are discussed, several prominent scholars contend that Islam and liberal democracy—the hoped-for endpoint of moderation—are not compatible, thus disregarding the prospects of moderation in Muslim majority countries. Others affirm the applicability of moderation theory to Islamism but only in specific instances, particularly where the Islamist groups in question do not support well-organized and well-armed militias. This dissertation contends that both of these points of view are flawed in examining the prospects of moderation among Islamist groups. Using three of the most well-known Islamist groups, the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood, Hezbollah in Lebanon, and the Palestinian Hamas, as case studies, this dissertation argues that despite developing in three different contexts, with differing ideological starting points, and different impediments to moderation, all three organizations—even Hamas and Hezbollah with their strong military components—have shown signs of moderating and can continue to do so. The protests movements which swept through many Arab Muslim nations in the spring of 2011 demanding reform, if not regime change, present both a challenge and an opportunity for these groups and others like them throughout the Muslim world. Once relegated to the opposition, these groups now have the opportunity to govern. This dissertation seeks to analyze the prospects that Islamists will govern responsibly. Examining both the level of openness in the states in which these movements operate as well as the trajectory of the groups themselves, these case studies shed light on the prospects for and impediments to moderation as well as trends which might help predict the chances of moderation for other Islamist groups in the region. en_US
dc.publisher en
dc.rights Baylor University theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission. Contact for inquiries about permission. en_US
dc.subject Moderation theory. en_US
dc.subject Islamism. en_US
dc.subject Muslim Brotherhood. en_US
dc.subject Hamas. en_US
dc.subject Hezbollah. en_US
dc.title From violence to voting : toward an Islamist theory of moderation. en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US Ph.D. en_US
dc.rights.accessrights Worldwide access en_US
dc.contributor.department Church and State. en_US
dc.contributor.schools Baylor University. Institute of Church-State Studies. en_US

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