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Influence of climate and the expansion of C4 grasses on sequence-scale cyclicity and landscape development during the late Miocene to Pleistocene of West Texas.

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dc.contributor.advisor Atchley, Stacy C.
dc.contributor.author Dhillon, Ryan S.
dc.date.copyright 2011-12
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2104/8259
dc.description.abstract The Neogene records a period of global climate change and terrestrial ecosystem evolution; however, little is known about whether these changes influenced sedimentary and soil forming processes. The late Miocene to Pleistocene Fort Hancock and Camp Rice Formations from two adjacent isolated basins, southeast Hueco Bolson and northwest Eagle Flat Draw, were analyzed to determine whether changing climate and concomitant C₄ grass expansion influenced fluvial depositional style. Alluvial stacking-pattern analysis of two drill cores reveals sequence-scale trends in paleosol maturity, cycle thickness, and facies proportions. Stable isotope geochemistry of bulk paleosol samples and pedogenic carbonate suggest C₄ expansion at 7.25 Ma and provide a pCO₂ reconstruction of the late Miocene to Pleistocene. C₄ onset coincides with a decreasing sedimentation rate, less frequent channel avulsion events, and an increase in paleosol maturity. Stratigraphic stacking-patterns parallel pCO₂ concentration, suggesting that sedimentation and pedogenesis are influenced by third- to fourth-order global climate cycles. en_US
dc.publisher en
dc.rights Baylor University theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission. Contact librarywebmaster@baylor.edu for inquiries about permission. en_US
dc.subject Alluvial sequence stratigraphy. en_US
dc.subject Stacking-pattern analysis. en_US
dc.subject Paleosol geochemistry. en_US
dc.subject Sedimentology/stratigraphy. en_US
dc.subject Paleoclimatology/paleoecology. en_US
dc.title Influence of climate and the expansion of C4 grasses on sequence-scale cyclicity and landscape development during the late Miocene to Pleistocene of West Texas. en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.description.degree M.S. en_US
dc.rights.accessrights Worldwide access. en_US
dc.rights.accessrights Access changed 6/27/13.
dc.contributor.department Geology. en_US
dc.contributor.schools Baylor University. Dept. of Geology. en_US


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