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Seismic tomographic imaging reveals possible lithospheric erosion beneath Trans-Pecos Texas and Southeastern New Mexico.

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dc.contributor.advisor Pulliam, Robert Jay.
dc.contributor.author Rockett, Carrie V.
dc.date.copyright 2011-12
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2104/8280
dc.description.abstract Results from the 1999-2001 La Ristra array revealed a fast seismic velocity anomaly beneath the Rio Grande rift, attributed to a lithospheric “drip” into the mantle, perhaps due to edge-driven convection. To investigate this anomaly, the Seismic Investigation of Edge-Driven Convection Associated with the Rio Grande Rift (SIEDCAR) project deployed a two-dimensional array of seismographs with a typical station spacing of ~35 km. Earthquakes of magnitude 5.0 or greater occurring at epicentral distances of 30- 90° were used to create tomographic images with FMTOMO. We present three-dimensional P and S tomographic models of the crust and upper mantle beneath the edge of the rift that confirm the anomaly’s existence and show that it is more laterally extensive than was indicated previously. Our images reveal that the anomaly is disconnected from and adjacent to the Great Plains craton, suggesting convective lithospheric erosion is a likely cause of the fast seismic structure. en_US
dc.publisher en
dc.rights Baylor University theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission. Contact librarywebmaster@baylor.edu for inquiries about permission. en_US
dc.subject Lithospheric erosion. en_US
dc.subject Geophysics. en_US
dc.subject Rio Grande rift. en_US
dc.subject Seismic tomography. en_US
dc.title Seismic tomographic imaging reveals possible lithospheric erosion beneath Trans-Pecos Texas and Southeastern New Mexico. en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.description.degree M.S. en_US
dc.rights.accessrights Worldwide access. en_US
dc.rights.accessrights Access changed 3/4/13.
dc.contributor.department Geology. en_US
dc.contributor.schools Baylor University. Dept. of Geology. en_US


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